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743 Digitizer Family

8/16 Channel 12-bit 3.2 GS/s Switched Capacitor Digitizer

Features
  • 12-bit @ 3.2 GS/s, 1024 samples for event
  • 3.2, 1.6, 0.8, 0.4 GS/s software selectable sampling frequencies
  • Analog input on MCX coax. connectors
  • VME64/VME64X (16 ch.), NIM (8 ch.) and Desktop (8 ch.) modules
  • 2.5 Vpp input dynamic range with programmable DC offset adj.
  • Self-trigger capability thanks to one analog discriminator for channel with programmable threshold
  • Adjustable post-trigger delay (up to 1.25 µs @ 3.2 GS/s)
  • One pulser for channel allows for reflectometer and test functions
  • Rate and Time measurements through one hit rate monitor for channel
  • On-board charge calculation for fast histogramming
  • VME64/VME64X, USB and Optical Link communication interfaces
  • Multi-board synchronization features
  • 16 programmable LVDS I/Os
  • Daisy chain capability
  • Oscilloscope software tools, C and LabVIEW libraries
Applications
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics
  • Astroparticle Physics
  • Time of Flight
  • Medical Imaging (PET)
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Overview
The 743 is a family of 12-bit, 3.2 GS/s Switched Capacitor Digitizers developed in collaboration with CEA/IRFU & IN2P3/LAL and based on the SAMLONG chip. It is available in three form factors: VME (16 input channels), NIM (8 input channels) and Desktop (8 input channels). Considering the sampling frequency and the bit number, it is well suited for very fast signals as the ones generated by scintillators coupled to PMTs, Silicon Photomultipliers, APD, Diamond detectors and others.

The analog input signals are continuously sampled into the SAMLONG chip in a circular memory buffer (1024 cells) at the default frequency of 3.2 GS/s (312.5 ps of sampling period); frequencies of 1.6, 0.8 or 0.4 GS/s can also be selected. As a trigger signal arrives, all the analog memory buffers are frozen and then digitized with a resolution of 12 bits into a digital memory buffer with independent read and write access. Up to 7 full events per channel can be stored (where 1 event= 1024 x 12 bits). During the analog to digital conversion process, the x743 cannot handle further triggers, thus generating a Dead Time.

Each channel is equipped with an individual discriminator with programmable threshold, which generates trigger requests. Requests from all channels are processed by the board to generate a common trigger causing all the channels to acquire an event simultaneously. These requests are also used by counters to continuously calculate the individual channel hit rates, also during the Dead Time. The common trigger can also be provided externally via the front panel Trigger Input or via software.

Each x743 module features an "on-board charge calculation" mode (Charge Mode) to generate fast histograms. The detector signal directly digitized can be processed on-line within a user configurable charge integration window.
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Model Compare
Model
Form Factor
N. of Channels
6U-VME64
16
6U-VME64X
16
Desktop
8
NIM
8
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Interfaces & I/O
USB
An USB 2.0 link is provided in NIM and Desktop form factors for an easy data readout

Digital I/O
Digital I/Os are provided in VME boards that can be used for individual trigger propagation to external trigger logic. This feature makes VME form factor ideal to scale up the acquisition channels where a global trigger generation is mandatory.

Optical Link
An Optical link is provided in any form factor for high performance data readout through CAEN proprietary daisy-chainable CONET communication protocol.
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SAMLONG chip
X743 is based on the SAMLONG chip, a Switched Capacitor Array IC. This technology relies on a set of capacitors that continuously sample the analog input signals at a fixed time interval corresponding to the sampling period. As soon as the trigger is issued, capacitors are decoupled from the input signals after a programmable delay. Therefore, the trigger freezes the currently stored signal in the sampling capacitance cells. Subsequently, the cells are multiplexed into the 12-bit ADC.
software
Software
Software available (Windows and Linux):
CAEN provides drivers for all the different types of physical communication channels, a set of C libraries (CAENComm and CAENDigitizer) for Windows and Linux OS, as well as a control software tool for Windows:
WaveCatcher: fully graphical program that implements an oscilloscope.
WaveCatcher
WaveCatcher
Oscilloscope Tool for 743 digitizer family
WaveCatcher software is a complete oscilloscope-like tool made by IN2P3/LAL and capable to control a single board belonging to the CAEN 743 Digitizer series.

This tool offers a graphical user friendly interface which permits to take benefit of all the functionalities of the hardware: sampling frequency, different trigger modes, waveforms and charge data acquisition, channel pulses, etc.

WaveCatcher also features different tools for on-line measurements and histograms plotting: graphical cursors, noise level, raw hit rates, charge amplitude and time measurements, time distance histograms between channels (fixed threshold and digital CFD methods), charge histograms, FFT, etc.